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It is a one-act opera by Viktor Ullmann, with a libretto by Peter Kien. Ullmann and Kien were Nazi concentration camp inmates when they collaborated on the opera in 1943. It was rehearsed in the camp in March 1944, but did not take place. The world premiere, presented by the Dutch Opera at the Bellevue Centre, Amsterdam, took place on 16 December 1975.

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